in visual design, form is described as the way an artist arranges elements in the entirety of a composition. it may also be described as any three-dimensional object. form can be measured, from top to bottom height , side to side width , and from back to front depth . form is also defined by light and dark.
nonlinear elements – these are elements in which the relation between voltage and current is a nonlinear function. an example is a diode, in which the current is an exponential function of the voltage. circuits with nonlinear elements are harder to analyse and design, often requiring circuit simulation computer programs such as spice.
machine element refers to an elementary component of a machine. these elements consist of three basic types: structural components such as frame members, bearings, axles, splines, fasteners, seals, and lubricants, mechanisms that control movement in various ways such as gear trains, belt or chain drives, linkages, cam and follower systems, including brakes and clutches, and control components such as buttons, switches, indicators, sensors, actuators and computer controllers. while generally not
in physics, the degrees of freedom dof of a mechanical system is the number of independent parameters that define its configuration or state. it is important in the analysis of systems of bodies in mechanical engineering , structural engineering , aerospace engineering , robotics , and other fields.
mfem is a free, lightweight, scalable c library for finite element methods that features arbitrary high-order finite element meshes and spaces, support for a wide variety of discretizations, and emphasis on usability, generality, and high-performance computing efficiency.
this glossary of mechanical engineering terms pertains specifically to mechanical . is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. it also includes modification of vehicles .
spaceclaim is a solid modeling cad computer-aided design software that runs on microsoft windows and developed by spaceclaim corporation. the company is headquartered in concord, massachusetts. spaceclaim corporation was founded in 2005 to develop 3d solid modeling software for mechanical engineering.
chaim elata - israeli professor of mechanical engineering, president of ben-gurion university of the negev, and chairman of the israel public utility authority for electricity; john ericsson 1803–1889 – steam engine design, propeller design, iron clad warships uss monitor
structural engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering in which structural engineers are trained to design the 'bones and muscles' that create the form and shape of man made structures. structural engineers need to understand and calculate the stability, strength and rigidity of built structures for buildings and nonbuilding structures.the structural designs are integrated with those .
a compliant mechanism is a series of rigid bodies connected by compliant elements. these mechanisms have many advantages, including reduced part-count, reduced 'slop' between joints no parasitic motion because of gaps between parts , energy storage, low maintenance they don't require lubrication and there is low mechanical wear , and ease of manufacture 3 .
technical ding, drafting or ding, is the act and discipline of composing dings that visually communicate how something functions or is constructed.. technical ding is essential for communicating ideas in industry and engineering.to make the dings easier to understand, people use familiar symbols, perspectives, units of measurement, notation systems, visual styles, and page layout.
design optimization is an engineering design methodology using a mathematical formulation of a design problem to support selection of the optimal design among many alternatives. design optimization involves the following stages: variables: describe the design alternatives; objective: elected functional combination of variables to be maximized or minimized
automotive engineering – automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their .
mechanical, electrical and plumbing mep refers to these aspects of building design and construction.in commercial buildings, these elements are often designed by a specialized engineering firm. mep design is important for planning, decision making, accurate documentation, performance- and cost-estimation, construction, and operating/maintaining the resulting facilities.
the basic premise for concurrent engineering revolves around two concepts. the first is the idea that all elements of a product's life-cycle—from functionality, production, assembly, testing, maintenance, environmental impact, and finally disposal and recycling—should be taken into careful consideration in the early design phases.
the elements are positioned at the mid-surface of the actual layer thickness. torus -shaped elements for axisymmetric problems such as membranes, thick plates, shells, and solids. the cross-section of the elements are similar to the previously described types: one-dimensional for thin plates and shells, and two-dimensional for solids, thick plates and shells.
this approach is especially useful in the design of mechanical filters—these use mechanical devices to implement an electrical function. however, the technique can be used to solve purely mechanical problems, and can also be extended into other, unrelated, energy domains. nowadays, analysis by analogy is a standard design tool wherever more .
establishing design requirements and conducting requirement analysis, sometimes termed problem definition or deemed a related activity , is one of the most important elements in the design process, and this task is often performed at the same time as a feasibility analysis. the design requirements control the design of the product or process being developed, throughout the engineering design process.
a modern gun turret is generally a weapon mount that houses the crew or mechanism of a projectile-firing weapon and at the same time lets the weapon be aimed and fired in some degree of azimuth and elevation cone of fire .
electrical element. electrical elements are conceptual abstractions representing idealized electrical components, such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors, used in the analysis of electrical networks. all electrical networks can be analyzed as multiple electrical elements interconnected by wires.
visual design elements and principles describe fundamental ideas about the practice of visual design. 'the best designers sometimes disregard the principles of design. when they do so, however, there is usually some compensating merit attained at the cost of the violation.