throughput is often measured in units of execution workload per second. another unit of throughput is instructions per cycle ipc and its reciprocal, cycles per instruction cpi , is another unit of latency. speedup is dimensionless and defined differently for each type of quantity so that it is a consistent metric. speedup in latency
in general terms, throughput is the rate of production or the rate at which something is processed. when used in the context of communication networks, such as ethernet or packet radio, throughput or network throughput is the rate of successful message delivery over a communication channel. the data these messages belong to may be delivered over a physical or logical link, or it can pass through a certain network node. throughput is usually measured in bits per second, and sometimes in data pack
inverse mills ratio. the inverse mills ratio is the ratio of the probability density function to the cumulative distribution function of a distribution. its use is often motivated by the following property of the truncated normal distribution. if x is a random variable having a normal distribution with mean μ and variance σ 2, then
memory bandwidth is the rate at which data can be read from or stored into a semiconductor memory by a processor.memory bandwidth is usually expressed in units of bytes/second, though this can vary for systems with natural data sizes that are not a multiple of the commonly used 8-bit bytes.. memory bandwidth that is advertised for a given memory or system is usually the maximum theoretical .
a mechanical calculator, or calculating machine, is a mechanical device used to perform the basic operations of arithmetic automatically. most mechanical calculators were comparable in size to small desktop computers and have been rendered obsolete by the advent of the electronic calculator.
throughput is the actual speed data will transfer at from one point on the network to another. the actual speed, throughput, of a network is often quite less than it's bandwidth, potential speed. bandwidth is more often quoted than throughput since it is easier to calculate and not subject to changes in many variables. the hardware used to .
throughput of a network can be measured using various tools available on different platforms. this page explains the theory behind what these tools set out to measure and the issues regarding these measurements. reasons for measuring throughput in networks.
the constraint on production of the railcoaches was the metalwork shop. she made an analysis of profit and loss if the company took the contract using throughput accounting to determine the profitability of products by calculating 'throughput' revenue less variable cost in the metal shop.
the focus of the 'measuring network throughput' article should be on the key factors why the achieved throughput some times differ very much from the maximum throughput. examples are tcp flow control and that the network capacity is shared with other users. these factors are described in the throughput article, but may be more pedagogically .
the data transfer rate of a drive also called throughput covers both the internal rate moving data between the disk surface and the controller on the drive and the external rate moving data between the controller on the drive and the host system . the measurable data transfer rate will be the lower slower of the two rates.
mil-std-1553 is a military standard published by the united states department of defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus. it was originally designed as an avionic data bus for use with military avionics , but has also become commonly used in spacecraft on-board data handling obdh subsystems, both military and civil.
mil-std-1553 is a military standard published by the united states department of defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus.it was originally designed as an avionic data bus for use with military avionics, but has also become commonly used in spacecraft on-board data handling obdh subsystems, both military and civil.
a milliradian si-symbol mrad, sometimes also abbreviated mil is an si derived unit for angular measurement which is defined as a thousandth of a radian 0.001 radian . milliradians are used in adjustment of firearm sights by adjusting the angle of the sight compared to the barrel up, down, left or right . milliradians are also used for comparing shot groupings, or to compare the difficulty .
in economics and econometrics, the cobb–douglas production function is a particular functional form of the production function, widely used to represent the technological relationship between the amounts of two or more inputs and the amount of output that can be produced by those inputs. the cobb–douglas form was developed and tested against statistical evidence by charles cobb and paul douglas during 1927–1947.
the structure of the input–output model has been incorporated into national accounting in many developed countries, and as such can be used to calculate important measures such as national gdp. input–output economics has been used to study regional economies within a nation, and as a tool for national and regional economic planning.