the claus process is the most significant gas desulfurizing process, recovering elemental sulfur from gaseous hydrogen sulfide.first patented in 1883 by the chemist carl friedrich claus, the claus process has become the industry standard.c. f. claus was born in kassel in the german state of hessen in 1827, and studied chemistry in marburg before he emigrated to england in 1852.
the delaware city refinery, currently owned by delaware city refining corporation, a subsidiary of pbf energy, is an oil refinery in delaware city, delaware.when operational it has a total throughput capacity of 210,000 barrels per day 33,000 m 3 /d , and employs around 570 individuals.. the refinery was commissioned in 1956 and getty oil operated it up until 1984, when texaco bought getty.
this is a list of oil refineries.the oil & gas journal also publishes a worldwide list of refineries annually in a country-by-country tabulation that includes for each refinery: location, crude oil daily processing capacity, and the size of each process unit in the refinery. for some countries, the refinery list is further categorized state-by-state
an oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
the image below is a schematic flow diagram of a typical oil refinery depicting various unit processes and the flow of intermediate products between the inlet crude oil feedstock and the final products. the diagram depicts only one of the hundreds of different configurations. it does not include any of the usual facilities providing utilities such as steam, cooling water, and electric power as .
an unknown mechanism in plants may use titanium to stimulate the production of carbohydrates and encourage growth. this may explain why most plants contain about 1 part per million ppm of titanium, food plants have about 2 ppm, and horsetail and nettle contain up to 80 ppm.
the botanic garden 1791 is a set of two poems, the economy of vegetation and the loves of the plants, by the british poet and naturalist erasmus darwin. the economy of vegetation celebrates technological innovation, scientific discovery and offers theories concerning contemporary scientific questions, such as the history of the cosmos.the more popular loves of the plants promotes, revises .
the mining industry of the democratic republic of the congo is a significant factor in the world's production of cobalt, copper, diamond, tantalum, tin, and gold. it is the democratic republic of the congo's largest source of export income. in 2009, the democratic republic of the congo had an estimated $24 trillion in untapped mineral deposits, including the world's largest reserves of coltan and significant quantities of the world's cobalt. the united states geological survey estimates that the
deer park refinery is an oil refinery located in deer park, texas on the houston ship channel in the houston–sugar land–baytown metropolitan area. dating to 1929, it has been operated since 1993 by 50-50 joint venture between shell oil company and pemex.. as of december 2017, the plant is the fourth-largest taxpayer and the tenth largest employer in harris county.
the complex, opened in 1958, houses the storage and refining plant of toronto-based redpath sugar. the complex consists of building 1 8 floors , a chimney stack, and building 2 5 floors houses the sugar museum. the sugar processed at the plant originates in the caribbean and brazil, and is delivered by ships using the saint lawrence seaway.
coltan short for columbite–tantalites and known industrially as tantalite is a dull black metallic ore from which are extracted the elements niobium and tantalum. the niobium-dominant mineral in coltan is columbite after niobium's original american name columbium , and the tantalum-dominant mineral is the tantalite.
grangemouth refinery is a mature oil refinery complex located on the firth of forth in grangemouth, scotland.currently operated by petroineos, it is the only crude oil refinery in scotland and will be the only operating oil refinery following the cessation of refining activities at the dundee refinery and currently one of six in the uk.it is reputedly the uk's second-oldest refinery, and it .
petroleum refining in the united states in 2013 produced 18.9 million barrels per day of refined petroleum products, more than any other country. although the us was the world's largest net importer of refined petroleum products as recently as 2008, the us became a net exporter in 2010, and in 2014 was the largest exporter and the largest net exporter of refined petroleum.