magnesium carbonate, most often referred to as 'chalk', is also used as a drying agent on athletes' palms in rock climbing, gymnastics and weight lifting. as a food additive magnesium carbonate is known as e504, for which the only known side effect is that it may work as a laxative in high concentrations.
calcium/cholecalciferol is a combination of a calcium salt usually calcium carbonate and vitamin d 3 cholecalciferol . it is used to prevent and treat lack of calcium and vitamin d in the elderly, as well for osteoporosis in combination with other medications.. in 2016 it was the 183rd most prescribed medication in the united states with more than 3 million prescriptions.
calcium gluconate is made by mixing gluconic acid with calcium carbonate or calcium hydroxide. calcium gluconate came into medical use in the 1920s. it is on the world health organization's list of essential medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system.
calcium carbonate is used in the production of calcium oxide as well as toothpaste and has seen a resurgence as a food preservative and color retainer, when used in or with products such as organic apples. calcium carbonate is used therapeutically as phosphate binder in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. it is the most common form of .
calcium caseinate is generally stable at a ph above 5.7, and appears as a milky liquid. this is unlike ammonium, potassium, and sodium caseinates, which are practically clear. at a neutral or acidic ph, casein is relatively insoluble in water, and is easily separated from other milk proteins, sugars, and minerals. most caseinates are capable of .
calcium hydroxide, ca oh 2, is a strong base, though it is not as strong as the hydroxides of strontium, barium or the alkali metals. all four dihalides of calcium are known. calcium carbonate caco 3 and calcium sulfate caso 4 are particularly abundant minerals.
calcium acetate is a chemical compound which is a calcium salt of acetic acid. it has the formula ca c 2 h 3 o 2 2. its standard name is calcium acetate, while calcium ethanoate is the systematic name. an older name is acetate of lime.
calcium bicarbonate, also called calcium hydrogen carbonate, has a chemical formula ca hco 3 2. the term does not refer to a known solid compound; it exists only in aqueous solution containing the calcium ca 2 , bicarbonate hco − 3 , and carbonate co 2− 3 ions, together with dissolved carbon dioxide co 2 .
the calcium cycle is a transfer of calcium between dissolved and solid phases. there is a continuous supply of calcium ions into waterways from rocks, organisms, and soils. calcium ions are consumed and removed from aqueous environments as they react to form insoluble structures such as calcium carbonate and calcium silicate, which can deposit to form sediments or the exoskeletons of organisms.
polystyrene sulfonate is usually supplied in either the sodium or calcium form. it is used as a potassium binder in acute and chronic kidney disease for people with hyperkalemia abnormal high blood serum potassium levels . however, it is unclear if it is beneficial and there is concern about possible side effects when it is combined with sorbitol. .
calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid.it is commonly used as a food additive , usually as a preservative, but sometimes for flavor.in this sense, it is similar to sodium citrate.calcium citrate is also found in some dietary calcium supplements e.g. citracal .
caesium carbonate or cesium carbonate is a white crystalline solid compound. caesium carbonate has a high solubility in polar solvents such as water, alcohol and dmf.its solubility is higher in organic solvents compared to other carbonates like potassium and sodium carbonates, although it remains quite insoluble in other organic solvents such as toluene, p-xylene, and chlorobenzene.