the annexation of goa was the process in which the republic of india annexed the former portuguese indian territories of goa, daman and diu, starting with the armed action carried out by the indian armed forces in december 1961. in india, this action is referred as the 'liberation of goa'. in portugal, it is referred to as the 'invasion of goa'.
iron ore mining in india asia is rich in mineral resources due to unique geographical conditions. the main minerals are petroleum, coal, iron, manganese, tin, tungsten, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, aluminum, gold, silver, mica and precious stone.
national geological monuments are geographical areas of national importance and heritage, as notified by the government of india's geological survey of india gsi , for their maintenance, protection, promotion and enhancement of geotourism.
a london-based mining company created a township in pandalur that began with a church, post office, shops, and a race course. after the gold boom, the mining business gradually fell into decline because the percentage of gold ore was below the average. even so, mining was continued until the beginning of the 20th century.
with the closing of kolar gold fields in 2001, this is the one of the two companies in india which produce gold by mining and processing the gold ore, the other being manmohan minerals industries pvt. ltd. owned by the government of karnataka, hgml has two plants located in hutti and chitradurga.
india shares land borders with pakistan to the west; china, nepal, and bhutan to the north-east; and burma and bangladesh to the east. it is bounded on the south-west by the arabian sea, on the south-east by the bay of bengal, and on the south by the indian ocean, where the palk strait and the gulf of mannar separate india from sri lanka immediately to its southeast and some 400 kilometres .
the following is a list of scandals in india since independence, including political, financial and corporate scandals.entries are arranged in reverse chronological order by year or decade, for older scandals . the year, or decade, is when the scandal was first reported.