the battle of san juan, also known as the battle of san juan and chorrillos, was the first of two battles in the lima campn during the war of the pacific, and was fought on 13 january 1881.this battle is really a group of smaller, yet fierce confrontations at the defensive strongholds of villa, chorrillos, santiago de surco, san juan de miraflores, santa teresa and morro solar.
coropuna is a dormant compound volcano located in the andes mountains of southeast-central peru whose upper reaches consist of several perennially snowbound conical summits. the complex extends over an area of 240 square kilometres 92.6 square miles , its highest summit reaching an altitude of 6,377 metres 20,922 feet above sea level.
potosí, known as villa imperial de potosí in the colonial period, is the capital city and a municipality of the department of potosí in bolivia. it is one of the highest cities in the world at a nominal 4,090 metres 13,420 ft . for centuries, it was the location of the spanish colonial silver mint.
south america is one of the most biodiverse continents on earth. south america is home to many interesting and unique species of animals including the llama, anaconda, piranha, jaguar, vicuña, and tapir. the amazon rainforests possess high biodiversity, containing a major proportion of the earth's species.
simón bolívar was born in a house in caracas, captaincy general of venezuela, on 24 july 1783.: 6 he was baptized as simón josé antonio de la santísima trinidad bolívar y palacios. his mother was maría de la concepción palacios y blanco, and his father was colonel don juan vicente bolívar y ponte. he had two older sisters and a brother: maría antonia, juana, and juan vicente.
the surrounding area, located in the watanay valley, is strong in gold mining and agriculture, including corn, barley, quinoa, tea and coffee. cusco's main stadium estadio garcilaso de la vega was one of seven stadiums used when peru hosted south america's continental soccer championship, the copa américa , in 2004 .
the huaca del sol is an adobe brick temple built by the moche civilization 100 ce to 800 ce on the northern coast of what is now peru.the temple is one of several ruins found near the volcanic peak of cerro blanco, in the coastal desert near trujillo at the moche valley. the other major ruin at the site is the nearby huaca de la luna, a better-preserved but smaller temple.
a 3,000-year-old megalithic temple used by a 'water cult' at the huaca el toro, oyotún district, zaña valley, peru. a cave lion figurine made of woolly mammoth tusk at the denisova cave, dating back to approximately 45,000 years ago. 21 - announcement that a 8,000-year-old monument has been found at uğurlu-zeytinlik, imbros.
hudbay minerals inc. is a canadian mining corporation. tracing its history to the hudson bay mining and smelting co., limited hbms , the company has been exploring and mining in manitoba for over 80 years. much of its history has centered on flin flon, manitoba.hudbay now has operations in manitoba, peru, and yukon and is currently building a copper mine in southern arizona.
pedro gutiérrez de valdivia or valdiva spanish pronunciation: ˈpeðɾo ðe βalˈðiβja ; april 17, 1497 – december 25, 1553 was a spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of chile.after serving with the spanish army in italy and flanders, he was sent to south america in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under francisco pizarro in peru, acting as his second in command.
pisco is a colorless or yellowish-to-amber colored brandy produced in winemaking regions of peru and chile. made by distilling fermented grape juice into a high-proof spirit, it was developed by 16th-century spanish settlers as an alternative to orujo, a pomace brandy that was being imported from spain. it had the advantages of being produced from abundant domestically grown fruit and reducing .
pascua-lama is an open pit mining project of gold, silver, copper and other minerals. pascua lama is located in the andes mountains, in the southern reaches of atacama desert, straddling the border between chile and argentina at an altitude of over 4,500 metres. toronto-based barrick gold, the world's largest gold mining company, is developing the project. due to its proximity to glaciers, pascua-lama has caused controversy and public protest in chile, including demonstrations and petitions pres
there is a long history of mining in the andes, from the spanish silver mines in potosí in the 16th century to the vast current porphyry copper deposits of chuquicamata and escondida in chile and toquepala in peru. other metals including iron, gold and tin in addition to non-metallic resources are important.
there is a long history of mining in the andes, from the spanish silver mines in potosí in the 16th century to the vast current porphyry copper deposits of chuquicamata and escondida in chile and toquepala in peru. other metals including iron, gold and tin in addition to non-metallic resources are important. peaks
candente copper corp. is a canadian mining company specialising in metals such as gold, silver, copper and zinc. it is active in mexico and peru. the company is headquartered in vancouver, british columbia. candente owns the cañariaco norte mine deposit, a large copper deposit in northern peru estimated.
the national confederation of peruvian communities affected by mining conacami, in spanish: confederación nacional de comunidades del perú afectadas por la minería is a peruvian indigenous rights organization with a focus on defending the rights of indigenous peoples living in communities that are close to future large scale mining projects. . the organization tries to protect them .
men were forced to work on colonial plantations and gold mines, as a result, there was no taíno left to cultivate their own crops and feed their population. conversely, most scholars believe that european diseases caused the majority of deaths. a smallpox epidemic in hispaniola in 1518–1519 killed almost 90% of the surviving taíno.
chile demanded the peruvian tarapacá province and the bolivian atacama, an indemnity of $20,000,000 gold pesos, restoration of property taken from chilean citizens, the return to chile of the transport vessel rimac, the abrogation of the alliance treaty between peru and bolivia and the formal commitment on the part of peru not to mount artillery batteries in arica's harbor once it was returned by chile. furthermore, arica was to be limited to commercial use only.
since the 2000s, tourism in peru makes up the nation's third largest industry, behind fishing and mining. tourism is directed towards archaeological monuments, ecotourism in the peruvian amazon, cultural tourism in colonial cities, gastronomic tourism, adventure tourism, and beach tourism. according to a peruvian government study, the satisfaction rate for tourists after visiting peru is 94%.
coricancha, koricancha, qoricancha or qorikancha 'the golden temple,' from quechua quri gold; kancha enclosure was the most important temple in the inca empire.it is located in cusco, peru.
these became targets of mining operations: the latter three extracted on the eastern side of antofalla in the old los jesuitas mine. there are ruins of a gold mining settlement close to the town of antofalla. a map of 1900 mentions the existence of an antofaya silver mine on the southeastern side of the complex.