a playground surface is the material that lies under and around swings, slides, monkey bars and other playground equipment. the surfaces are usually made of wood or rubber and designed specifically for aesthetics, child safety, and/or ada wheelchair accessibility.
chipseal also chip seal is a pavement surface treatment that combines one or more layer s of asphalt with one or more layer s of fine aggregate. in the united states, chipseals are typically used on rural roads carrying lower traffic volumes, and the process is often referred to as asphaltic surface treatment.
maintenance treatments for asphalt concrete generally include thin asphalt overlays, crack sealing, surface rejuvenating, fog sealingfo, micro milling or diamond grinding and surface treatments. thin surfacing preserves, protects and improves the functional condition of the road while reducing the need for routing maintenance, leading to .
plastic roads developed by rajagopalan vasudevan consist of an asphalt mix with plastic waste incorporated into the asphalt mixture. the implementation of plastics in roads also opens a new option for recycling post consumer plastics. australia, indonesia, india, the united kingdom, the united states, and many other countries have used .
sealcoat or pavement sealer is a coating for asphalt-based pavements. sealcoating is marketed as a protective coating that extends the life of asphalt pavements. there is not any independent research that proves these claims. sealcoating may also reduce the friction or anti-skid properties associated with the exposed aggregates in asphalt.
rubblization is a construction and engineering technique that involves saving time and transportation costs by reducing existing concrete into rubble at its current location rather than hauling it to another location. rubblization has two primary applications: creating a base for new roadways and decommissioning nuclear power plants.