the newest, and largest, biofilter addition to plum creek cost $9.5 million, yet even though this new technology is expensive, in the long run it will cost less overtime than the alternative exhaust-cleaning incinerators fueled by natural gas which are not as environmentally friendly . water treatment
general method. optimal control deals with the problem of finding a control law for a given system such that a certain optimality criterion is achieved. a control problem includes a cost functional that is a function of state and control variables. an optimal control is a set of differential equations describing the paths of the control variables that minimize the cost function.
a carbon price — the method widely agreed to be the most efficient way for nations to reduce global warming emissions — is a cost applied to carbon pollution to encourage polluters to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases they emit into the atmosphere: it usually takes the form either of a carbon tax or a requirement to purchase permits to emit, generally known as carbon emissions trading .
a pamphlet is an unbound book that is, without a hard cover or binding . pamphlets may consist of a single sheet of paper that is printed on both sides and folded in half, in thirds, or in fourths, called a leaflet or it may consist of a few pages that are folded in half and saddle stapled at the crease to make a simple book.
rain garden plantings commonly include wetland edge vegetation, such as wildflowers, sedges, rushes, ferns, shrubs and small trees. these plants take up nutrients and water that flow into the rain garden, and they release water vapor back to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration.
the q of an lc filter can be either lower or higher than that of an actual lc filter – for the same frequency, the inductance is much higher, the capacitance much lower, but the resistance also higher. gyrator inductors typically have higher accuracy than physical inductors, due to the lower cost of precision capacitors than inductors.
'hey man nice shot' 1995 'dose' 1995 'hey man nice shot' is a song by american rock band filter, released on july 18, 1995 as the lead single from their debut studio album short bushey man nice shot' is a song by american rock band filter, released on july 18, 1995 as the lead single from their debut studio album short bus.
the principles of cross-flow filtration are used in reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration and microfiltration. when purifying water, it can be very cost-effective in comparison to the traditional evaporation methods. in protein purification, the term tangential flow filtration tff is used to describe cross-flow filtration with .
printers and press operators physically print the newspaper. printing is outsourced by many newspapers, partly because of the cost of an offset web press the most common kind of press used to print newspapers and also because a small newspaper's print run might require less than an hour of operation, meaning that if the newspaper had its own press it would sit idle most of the time.
gaussian filters have the properties of having no overshoot to a step function input while minimizing the rise and fall time. this behavior is closely connected to the fact that the gaussian filter has the minimum possible group delay. it is considered the ideal time domain filter, just as the sinc is the ideal frequency domain filter.
high cost. cold-pressed juices could cost us$10 for a 16-ounce bottle, and as high as us$12 for a 12-ounce bottle. the high cost has been attributed to the manufacturing process which uses an hpp machine that may cost from us$800,000 to over us$2 million.