in machine learning, the perceptron is an algorithm for supervised learning of binary classifiers.a binary classifier is a function which can decide whether or not an input, represented by a vector of numbers, belongs to some specific class. it is a type of linear classifier, i.e. a classification algorithm that makes its predictions based on a linear predictor function combining a set of .
the term reasoning system can be used to apply to just about any kind of sophisticated decision support system as illustrated by the specific areas described below. however, the most common use of the term reasoning system implies the computer representation of logic.
group conflict, or hostilities between different groups, is a feature common to all forms of human social organization e.g., sports teams, ethnic groups, nations, religions, gangs , and also occurs in social animals. although group conflict is one of the most complex phenomena studied by social scientists, the history of the human race evidences a series of group-level conflicts that have .
alton l. pete becker april 6, 1932 – november 15, 2011 was an american linguist known for his studies of burmese grammar and other southeast asian s, including malaysian, javanese and kawi.he was a professor of linguistics at the university of michigan from 1968 to 1986. becker published studies in philology, rhetoric, and the ethnography of communication.
the nzr g class was a type of garratt steam locomotive used in new zealand, the only such garratt type steam locomotives ever used by the new zealand railways nzr . they were ordered to deal with traffic growth over the heavy gradients of the north island main trunk nimt and to do away with the use of banking engines on steep grades. they were one of the few garratt designs to employ six .
spectrophotometry is a tool that hinges on the quantitative analysis of molecules depending on how much light is absorbed by colored compounds. spectrophotometry uses photometers, known as spectrophotometers, that can measure a light beam's intensity as a function of its color wavelength . important features of spectrophotometers are spectral .
the following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to astronomy: . astronomy – studies the universe beyond earth, including its formation and development, and the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects such as galaxies, planets, etc. and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of earth such as the cosmic background radiation
as an ensemble, the bayes optimal classifier represents a hypothesis that is not necessarily in . the hypothesis represented by the bayes optimal classifier, however, is the optimal hypothesis in ensemble space the space of all possible ensembles consisting only of hypotheses in .
affective computing is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, process, and simulate human affects.it is an interdisciplinary field spanning computer science, psychology, and cognitive science. while some core ideas in the field may be traced as far back as to early philosophical inquiries into emotion, the more modern branch of computer science .
a ct scan or computed tomography scan formerly computerized axial tomography scan or scan makes use of computer-processed combinations of many x-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional tomographic images virtual 'slices' of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
galaxy morphological classification is a system used by astronomers to divide galaxies into groups based on their visual appearance. there are several schemes in use by which galaxies can be classified according to their morphologies, the most famous being the hubble sequence, devised by edwin hubble and later expanded by gérard de vaucouleurs and allan sandage.
bennett fracture is a fracture of the base of the first metacarpal bone which extends into the carpometacarpal cmc joint. this intra-articular fracture is the most common type of fracture of the thumb, and is nearly always accompanied by some degree of subluxation or frank dislocation of the carpometacarpal joint.
1. flotation separation this method works based on the chemical and physical property difference between barite surface and associated minerals surface; the main equipment includes crusher, circle vibrating screen, spiral classifier, agitator, flotation separator, ball mill, and other assistant devices. 2.
one of ma's most satisfactory mayoral constructions was the maokong gondola. however, the frequent breakdown of the gondola earned the residents' distrust of the new transportation system. one poll showed only 14% of the taipei city residents were satisfied with it, and it even led to protests.
adding ridges on the sluice at an angle to the direction of flow. typical spiral concentrators will use a slurry from about 20%-40% solids by weight, with a particle size somewhere between 1.5-.075 mm 17-340 mesh , though somewhat larger particle sizes are sometimes used.
of the gravity separation processes, the spiral concentrators and circular jigs are two of the most economical due to their simplicity and use of space. they operate by flowing film separation and can either use washwater or be washwater-less.
to this day, the hubble sequence is the most commonly used system for classifying galaxies, both in professional astronomical research and in amateur astronomy. nonetheless, in june 2019, citizen scientists through galaxy zoo reported that the usual hubble classification, particularly concerning spiral galaxies,.
traditionally, most municipalities have been using deterioration curves for deterioration modeling. recently, more complex methods based on simulation, markov models and machine learning models have been introduced. a well-known model to show the probability of failure of an asset throughout its life is called bathtub curve. this curve is made .