efast extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma allows an emergency physician or a surgeon the ability to determine whether a patient has pneumothorax, hemothorax, pleural effusion, mass/tumor, or a lodged foreign body. the exam allows for visualization of the echogenic tissue, ribs, and lung tissue.
the strht leg raise, also called lasègue's sign, lasègue test or lazarević's sign, is a test done during a physical examination to determine whether a patient with low back pain has an underlying herniated disc, often located at l5 fifth lumbar spinal nerve .
palpation is an important part of the physical examination; the sense of touch is just as important in this examination as the sense of sight is. physicians develop great skill in palpating problems below the surface of the body, becoming able to detect things that untrained persons would not.
a variety of non-destructive examination nde techniques are available for inspecting plastic welds. many of these techniques are similar to the ones used for inspecting metal welds. traditional techniques include visual testing, radiography, and various ultrasonic techniques. advanced ultrasonic techniques such as time of flight diffraction and phased-array ultrasonics paut are being .
orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal injuries, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, bone tumours, and congenital limb deformities. trauma surgery and traumatology is a sub-specialty dealing with the operative management of .
bruxism is excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching. it is an oral parafunctional activity; i.e., it is unrelated to normal function such as eating or talking. bruxism is a common behavior; reports of prevalence range from 8% to 31% in the general population. several symptoms are commonly associated with bruxism, including hypersensitive teeth, aching jaw muscles, headaches, tooth wear, and damage to dental restorations. symptoms may be minimal, without patient awareness of the condition. there
involves simply grinding down involved cusps or restorations and may be indicated after careful examination when: overloading of occlusal forces has resulted in pain, tooth fracture or mobility; interocclusal space is required for restoration provision e.g. in the case of an overerupted tooth where occlusal plane corrections required
a urinalysis ua is one of the most common methods of medical diagnosis. the word is a portmanteau of the words urine and analysis. other tests are urine culture a microbiological culture of urine and urine electrolyte levels. there are three basic components to urinalysis: gross examination, chemical evaluation, and microscopic examination.
below different techniques used for diagnosing cts are discussed. clinical examination. cracks are difficult to see during a clinical exam which may limit diagnosis. however other clinical signs which may lead to the diagnosis of cts includes wear faceting indicating excessive forces perhaps from clenching or grinding or the presence of an .
the surface of a metallographic specimen is prepared by various methods of grinding, polishing, and etching. after preparation, it is often analyzed using optical or electron microscopy. using only metallographic techniques, a skilled technician can identify alloys and predict material properties .
a pelvic examination is the physical examination of the external and internal pelvic organs. it is frequently used in gynecology for the evaluation of symptoms affecting the reproductive and urinary tract, such as pain, bleeding, discharge, urinary incontinence, or trauma e.g. sexual assault . it can also be used assess a patient's anatomy in preparation for procedures.
a medical procedure is defined as non-invasive when no break in the skin is created and there is no contact with the mucosa, or skin break, or internal body cavity beyond a natural or artificial body orifice. for example, deep palpation and percussion are non-invasive but a rectal examination is invasive. likewise, examination of the ear-drum or inside the nose or a wound dressing change all .
a respiratory examination, or lung examination, is performed as part of a physical examination, in response to respiratory symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, or chest pain, and is often carried out with a cardiac examination.. the four steps of the respiratory exam are inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation of the lungs, normally first carried out from the back of the chest.