mining began to take off again in the 1930s, however at the time the state governments' focus was in agricultural expansion and manufacturing initiatives. the primary sector would experience strong growth until the early 1970s, after which it leveled off. more than a million hectares of marginal agricultural land was abandoned, and the .
supply-chain operations reference scor model is a process reference model developed and endorsed by the supply chain council as the cross-industry, standard diagnostic tool for supply chain management. the scor model describes the business activities associated with satisfying a customer's demand, which include plan, source, make, deliver, return and enable.
operational technology is widely used in refineries, power plants, nuclear plants, etc. and as such has become a common, crucial element of critical infrastructure systems. depending on the country there are increasing legal obligations for critical infrastructure operators with regards to the implementation of ot systems.
the operational research society ors , also known as the or society, is an international learned society in the field of operational research or , with more than 2,500 members 2011 . it has its headquarters in birmingham, england
mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.these deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. history mine development and life cycle techniques machines processingoperations readiness and assurance
operations readiness and assurance or&a is a process used in the performance of primarily oil, gas and energy projects, to measure progress towards achieving the state of 'readiness to operate'. or&a also includes an assurance component which gives an ongoing, real-time indication of the likelihood that the project will achieve that state by the time of handover to the eventual owner/operator.
in a business context, operational efficiency can be defined as the ratio between an output gained from the business and an input to run a business operation. when improving operational efficiency, the output to input ratio improves. inputs would typically be money cost , people measured either as headcount or as the number of full-time equivalents or time/effort.