social stratification refers to society's categorization of its people into groups based on socioeconomic factors like wealth, income, race, education, gender, occupation, and social status, or derived power social and political . as such, stratification is the relative social position of persons within a social group, category, geographic region, or social unit.
socioeconomics also known as social economics is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. in general it analyzes how modern societies progress, stagnate, or regress because of their local or regional economy, or the global economy.societies are divided into 3 groups: social, cultural and economic. it also refers to the ways that social .
mining for gems and precious metals such as gold was developed in a similar way by wealthy european entrepreneurs such as cecil rhodes. the implementation and effects of these colonial policies could be brutal. one extreme example of exploitation of africans during this period is the congo free state, administered under a form of 'company rule'.
in the view of jedediah purdy, the clean air act and the clean water act improved the quality of air and water for much of america, but created 'sacrificial zones' in america, including coal mining communities in appalachia, that hid the environmental effects of industry and agriculture from people in suburbs but increased exposure to danger .
the armed militias fight with the government in the eastern section of the country over the mining sector or the corruption of the government, and weak policies lead to the instability of the economy. human rights abuses also ruin economic activity; the drc has a 7% unemployment rate,.
environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes.
socioeconomic mobility in the united states refers to the upward or downward movement of americans from one social class or economic level to another, through job changes, inheritance, marriage, connections, tax changes, innovation, illegal activities, hard work, lobbying, luck, health changes or other factors.
the economy of south africa is the second largest in africa, after nigeria. as a regional manufacturing hub, it is the most industrialized and diversified economy on the continent. south africa is an upper-middle-income economy – one of only eight such countries in africa. since 1996, at the end of over twelve years of international sanctions, south africa's gross domestic product almost .
the impacts of tourism include the effects of tourism on the environment and on destination communities, and its economic contributions. it has been part off the tourism discourse since the 1970s, with attention growing in recent years due to debates on overtourism. impacts are not easily categorized, having direct and indirect components.
the economy of zimbabwe is mainly made of tertiary industry which makes up to 60% of the total gdp as of 2017 . zimbabwe has the second biggest informal economy as a share of its economy which has a score of 60.6%. agriculture and mining largely contribute to exports.
the economy of papua new guinea is largely underdeveloped. it is dominated by the agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector and the minerals and energy extraction sector. the agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector accounts for most of the labour force of papua new guinea, while the minerals and energy extraction sector is responsible for most of the export earnings.
when the ocean water gets polluted, it has a range of effects on the ocean life. fish absorb mercury from coal mining and fossil fuel burning which makes them toxic to eat. food insecurity is a socioeconomic impact of toxic marine life because small coastal communities depend on fishing to drive their local markets.