abandoned baryte mine shaft in perthshire, scotland; an example of small scale open pit mining mirny mine – diamond mine in mirny , eastern siberia udachnaya pipe – diamond mine in yakutia , russia
in chile, coal mining is restricted to a few places located in its southern half. energy originating from coal stands for 11,6% of chile's electricity consumption. currently the country is not considered a major producer of coal. the three zones of mining are zona central sur 36–38 s ,.
as of 2001, chile had 928 cu km of renewable water resources. while 99% of its urban dwellers have pure drinking water, only 58% of its rural dwellers have the same access. chile is one of the major mining countries of the world and big-scale mining
chile's silver mining income also dropped. in the mid-1870s, peru nationalized its nitrate industry, affecting both british and chilean interests. contemporaries considered the crisis the worst ever of independent chile. chilean newspaper el ferrocarril predicted 1879 to be 'a year of mass business liquidation'.
the mining sector in chile is one of the pillars of chilean economy and copper exports alone stands for more than one third of government income. most mining in chile is concentrated to the norte grande region spanning most of the atacama desert. mining products of chile includes copper, gold, silver, molybdenum, iron and coal .
the nationalization of the chilean copper industry, commonly described as the chileanization of copper spanish: chilenización del cobre was the process by which the chilean government acquired control of the major foreign-owned section of the chilean copper mining industry. it involved the three huge mines known as 'la gran mineria' and three smaller operations.
the territory of chile has been populated since at least 3000 bc. by the 16th century, spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day chile, and the territory was a colony between 1540 and 1818, when it gained independence from spain.the country's economic development was successively marked by the export of first agricultural produce, then saltpeter and later copper.